We Specialize In:

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Dr. Aleem Kanji is a diabetes specialist that will take the time to understand your concerns and goals, so he can help you optimize your blood sugar and overall health.

A young woman with Type 1 diabetes injects herself with insulin.

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Your Metabolic Health Can’t Wait Longer

Your blood sugar is running higher than you want.

You are busy balancing your work, family, and trying to find time for your health.

You should not have to experience seeing a doctor who doesn’t have the time to understand your concerns and goals.

Dr. Aleem Kanji is the endocrinologist and weight loss specialist that removed the interference of insurance to take the time to understand your concerns and goals.

Avoid higher blood sugar that could permanently damage your body.

Imagine: Leaving your consultation with a game plan. Decreasing blood sugars to your goal. Decreasing the risk of permanent damage to your body.

Play Video about Dr. Aleem Kanji smiles in front of a wall that reads Ethos Endocrinology.

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells (beta cells) in the pancreas.

Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels, allowing cells to use glucose for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood, leading to high blood sugar levels, which can cause a range of complications.

Type 1 diabetes typically develops in childhood or adolescence, but it can occur at any age.

A patient uses a phone to check a continuous glucose monitor.

What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, but it is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Genetics and environmental factors may play a role in the development of type 1 diabetes.

Genetic factors: People with certain genes may have a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes. However, having these genes does not necessarily mean that a person will develop the condition

Environmental factors: Environmental factors, such as exposure to viruses or certain chemicals, may trigger the onset of type 1 diabetes in people with a genetic predisposition. One theory is that a viral infection may trigger the immune system to attack the beta cells in the pancreas.

Type 1 diabetes is not caused by lifestyle factors, such as eating too much sugar or not exercising enough.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes may develop quickly over a few weeks or even a few days. The most common symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst: Feeling thirsty all the time, even after drinking plenty of fluids.
  • Frequent urination: Needing to urinate more often than usual, including during the night.
  • Extreme hunger: Feeling hungry all the time, even after eating.
  • Unexplained weight loss: Losing weight without trying, despite eating a normal or increased amount of food.
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired or weak all the time, even after getting enough rest.
  • Blurred vision: Having blurry or distorted vision, or experiencing sudden changes in vision.
  • Tingling or numbness: Experiencing tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.

In severe cases, untreated type 1 diabetes can lead to a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which can cause symptoms such as rapid breathing, abdominal discomfort, confusion, and loss of consciousness. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.

Treatment Options for Type 1 Diabetes

The main treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin therapy. This involves replacing the insulin that the body can no longer produce. There are several ways to administer insulin:

  • Injections: Insulin is injected into the fatty tissue under the skin using a syringe, insulin pen, or insulin pump. There are several types of insulin available, each with different onset and duration times.
  • Insulin pumps: An insulin pump is a small device that is worn outside the body, typically on a belt or in a pocket. The pump delivers a continuous dose of insulin throughout the day, and the user can give additional doses at meal times.

In addition to insulin therapy, people with type 1 diabetes monitor their blood sugar levels regularly. This can be done with a glucose meter or continuous glucose monitor (CGM).

Managing cardiovascular risk by monitoring blood pressure and cholesterol, and monitoring for complications such as nerve damage, kidney damage, and eye damage are key components of a comprehensive treatment plan.

Frequently Asked Questions about Type 1 Diabetes

Can type 1 diabetes be prevented?
Unfortunately, there is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes at this time. It is believed to be an autoimmune disorder that is triggered by genetic and environmental factors.

Can people with type 1 diabetes still eat sugar?
Yes. People with type 1 diabetes can still eat sugar and other carbohydrates. Insulin dosing will need to be adjusted accordingly and blood sugar levels monitored.

Is type 1 diabetes the same as type 2 diabetes?
No. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are different conditions. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body becomes resistant to insulin and may not produce enough insulin to meet its needs.

Can type 1 diabetes go away on its own?
No. Type 1 diabetes cannot go away on its own. It is a chronic condition that requires lifelong therapy and self-care.

What are the long-term complications of type 1 diabetes?
High levels of blood sugar over a long period of time can lead to complications, including nerve damage, kidney damage, eye damage, and cardiovascular disease. However, with proper treatment and self-care, the risk of complications can be minimized.

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Ethos Endocrinology Pricing

Initial Consultation 1 Hour

$ 325
  • Office and virtual options available

Follow-up Visit

$ 150
  • Office and virtual options available

Body Composition

(if applicable)
$ 50
  • Medical body composition measurement
  • Analysis of report by Dr. Kanji

Meet Aleem Kanji, M.D.

Aleem was born in Chicago and moved to Houston at a young age. He was raised in Houston and the suburb of Sugar Land. After graduating high school, Aleem attended Houston Baptist University where he completed a double major in Biology and Business. He ventured to west Texas where he earned his Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree from Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center.

He returned to his hometown of Houston where he completed 3 years of internal medicine residency at the highly ranked Baylor College of Medicine. Aleem pursued his passion for endocrinology by completing a 2-year fellowship in adult endocrinology at Baylor College of Medicine, which included training at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center and Texas Children’s Hospital.

He is board-certified in:

  1. Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
  2. Obesity Medicine
  3. Internal Medicine

In addition to working with patients and improving their experience, Aleem enjoys spending time with his family, being a girl dad, reading, listening to podcasts, and playing basketball.

Aleem-Kanji, M.D. Headshot

Your plan is waiting…

We help individuals who don’t feel their best by taking the time to listen, performing a detailed evaluation, and creating a plan to optimize their hormone and metabolic health so they feel better.